Substance Use

Phenobarbital Use Disorder Treatment

TABLE OF CONTENTSTable of Contents

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Phenobarbital Abuse and Addiction Treatment Options

Phenobarbital is a medication first synthesized in 1911 by German chemist Heinrich Horlein at Bayer pharmaceuticals. According to the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), phenobarbital is a Schedule IV drug that doctors prescribe to treat seizures and other medical conditions. It’s also often used to treat the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal.

While it is useful for these purposes, phenobarbital can be addictive, and that addiction can have devastating consequences. Please know that many treatment options are available, and you can overcome phenobarbital addiction with the proper support.

Don’t hesitate to seek addiction treatment from a rehab center like Zinnia Healing, which is experienced in helping people struggling with phenobarbital addiction. The professional treatment center can help you or a loved one overcome substance abuse and welcome a healthier lifestyle. Call Zinnia Healing at (855) 430-9439.

What Is Phenobarbital?

Phenobarbitals are a class of drugs that act as central nervous system depressants. They are used to treat a variety of health issues, including seizures, anxiety, and insomnia. They are also sometimes used to help people who are withdrawing from alcohol. Phenobarbitals work by binding to receptors in the brain and spinal cord, slowing down the nervous system’s activity. This outcome can help to control seizures, ease anxiety, and promote sleep. 

As a prescription drug, phenobarbitals are typically taken orally but can also be injected. They are available in both generic and brand-name forms. Some common brand names include Luminal and Solfoton.

Under their drug classification, phenobarbitals are considered barbiturates, which act as sedatives for the central nervous system. Barbiturates were once widely used to treat seizures, insomnia, and anxiety, but other medications have largely replaced them due to their potential for addiction and abuse.

Despite the potential risks, phenobarbital is still used to treat certain medical conditions.

Is Phenobarbital an Opioid?

Opioids, a different class of drugs, bind to opioid receptors in the brain and nervous system. They can cause various effects, including pain relief, sedation, and euphoria. Illegal opioids such as heroin and fentanyl are particularly dangerous because they can easily lead to overdose and death. Prescription opioids such as oxycodone and hydrocodone are also highly addictive and can cause serious health problems.

Phenobarbital is a medication used to treat seizures and other medical conditions. It is a type of barbiturate, which means it has sedative and hypnotic effects.

Unlike opioids, phenobarbital does not bind to opioid receptors in the brain and does not cause the same effects as opioids. As a result, it is not considered to be an opioid.

Is Phenobarbital Habit-Forming?

When taken as prescribed, phenobarbital prescription medication is generally not habit-forming. However, people who abuse phenobarbital may develop a tolerance for the drug, leading to drug abuse and addiction.

Phenobarbitals should be used with caution in people with a history of substance abuse.

What Does It Feel Like to Be on Phenobarbital?

Phenobarbital use feels like being in a constant state of drowsiness. The drug makes it difficult to concentrate and stay awake for long periods.

For some people, the fatigue that phenobarbital causes can be so severe that it interferes with their ability to work or participate in enjoyable activities. In some cases, the side effects of phenobarbital are so debilitating that people have to stop taking the medication.

However, for most people, the benefits of phenobarbital outweigh the challenges posed by the side effects. The drug effectively controls seizures and allows people with epilepsy to lead relatively typical lives.

What Does Phenobarbital Do to a Person?

When you take phenobarbital, your body feels heavy, your eyelids droopy, and your mind foggy. You may have trouble focusing on tasks or remembering things. You may also notice that your breathing is slowed and your reflexes are delayed. These effects can make it dangerous to drive or operate machinery. In high doses, phenobarbital can cause seizures or coma.

Since phenobarbital is a powerful medication, it is essential to follow your doctor’s instructions carefully to avoid serious side effects and physical dependence.

What Are the Side Effects of Phenobarbitals?

The side effects of phenobarbitals can include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dry mouth
  • Constipation
  • Headaches
  • Irritability
  • Loss of appetite
  • Bone, joint, and muscle aches
  • Confusion
  • Rashes
  • Swelling around eyes and cheeks
  • Blistering skin
  • Fever

In rare cases, it may also lead to more severe side effects like depression, liver damage, or difficulty breathing.

Talk to your doctor if you experience any of these side effects while taking phenobarbital.

What Do People Experience When Abusing Phenobarbital?

People who abuse phenobarbital may take higher doses than prescribed or take the drug more often than directed. They may also crush and snort phenobarbital tablets to get a faster, more intense high. Phenobarbital abusers may also develop a tolerance, meaning they need to take larger and larger doses to get the same effects.

Side Effects of Phenobarbital Abuse

Phenobarbital abuse can cause:

  • Slurred speech
  • Impaired coordination
  • Drowsiness
  • Dilated pupils
  • Excess thirst
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Reduced urination
  • Muscle weakness
  • Nausea
  • Decreased heart rate

A phenobarbital overdose can lead to coma or death. Long-term phenobarbital abuse could also cause liver damage, brain damage, and addiction. Anyone who abuses this drug should seek professional help as soon as possible to avoid serious health consequences.

How Does Phenobarbital Addiction Start?

For many people, phenobarbital addiction starts with a legitimate prescription from a doctor. Phenobarbital is a powerful barbiturate used to treat seizures and other medical conditions. It is also highly addictive, and even people who take it as prescribed can develop a tolerance and dependency.

As tolerance builds, people may take larger doses of the drug or take it more often than prescribed. They might also begin obtaining the drug from illegal sources.

Once someone is addicted to phenobarbital, they may experience withdrawal symptoms when they try to cut back or stop taking it. These symptoms can be severe, and many people end up taking the drug to avoid them.

As addiction takes hold, it can profoundly impact every aspect of a person’s life.

Struggling with phenobarbital addiction can make you feel like you’re alone. However, remember that you’re never alone and that addiction treatment from caring professionals is always available. The medical professionals at Zinnia Healing can help you on the road to recovery. 

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Phenobarbital Addiction?

Signs and symptoms of phenobarbital addiction include:

  • Taking the drug more often or in higher doses than prescribed
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when the drug is not taken
  • Neglecting work, school, or other responsibilities to get or use phenobarbital
  • Engaging in risky behaviors while under the influence of phenobarbital
  • Continuing to use phenobarbital despite the negative consequences

If you or someone you know is showing these signs, it may be time to seek help from a medical professional. With treatment, it is possible to overcome an addiction to phenobarbital and lead a healthy and productive life.

Phenobarbital Withdrawal

Some common symptoms of phenobarbital withdrawal are as follows:

  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Tremors
  • Agitation
  • Headaches
  • Sweating
  • Insomnia
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

These symptoms can typically be relieved by restarting the medication or taking a short-acting benzodiazepine such as lorazepam.

More severe withdrawal symptoms, such as seizures, may require hospitalization and treatment with IV fluids and medication.

Withdrawal from phenobarbital is typically not life-threatening, but it can be uncomfortable and may require medical intervention. If you are discontinuing phenobarbital, be sure to do so under the supervision of a doctor to minimize the risk of withdrawal symptoms.

What Is the Withdrawal Process?

The withdrawal process for phenobarbital can vary depending on the individual. Generally, it is recommended that people slowly taper off the drug over several weeks. This tapering helps minimize the potential for withdrawal symptoms, including anxiety, agitation, and insomnia.

In some cases, people may also experience seizures during withdrawal. For this reason, it is essential to work with a medical professional when discontinuing the use of phenobarbital. They can help monitor your progress and adjust the tapering schedule as needed. Withdrawal from phenobarbital can be difficult, but working with a doctor can help to make the process safer and more successful.

Phenobarbital Addiction Treatment

Phenobarbital addiction is a serious condition that requires treatment. Although all aspects of treatment are important to overcoming addiction, detoxification at treatment centers is essential for achieving long-term sobriety. Detoxification helps rid the body of the drug and its metabolites.

This detox process can happen through various methods, including oral administration of activated charcoal or intravenous administration of saline solutions. Once detoxification is complete, patients can begin to focus on other aspects of their recovery, such as counseling and behavioral therapy.

Rehab program therapies can help patients identify and address their addiction’s underlying causes, providing them with the tools they need to maintain sobriety in the long term. 

Cognitive-behavioral therapy, for example, can help people identify the thoughts and behaviors that contribute to their substance use disorder and develop new coping strategies for dealing with cravings and stressful situations. Motivational interviewing is another effective treatment approach, helping people explore why they continue to use phenobarbital despite the negative consequences.

With the help of an experienced addiction counselor, people struggling with phenobarbital addictioncan learn to manage their disorder and lead healthy, drug-free lives.

How To Help a Loved One With a Phenobarbital Addiction

It can be difficult to see a loved one struggling with addiction. If you think your loved one may be addicted to phenobarbital, there are some things you can do to help.

First, try to have a conversation with them about their drug use. Remember, though, that it’s important to be supportive and non-judgmental. If they are open to it, try to get them to see a doctor or counselor who can help them address their addiction.

You can also look into support groups for family members of addicts. These groups can provide information and support as you deal with your loved one’s addiction.

Finally, make sure to take care of yourself. Dealing with a loved one’s addiction can be emotionally draining, so finding ways to relax and recharge is essential. Taking care of yourself will also give you the strength and energy to help your loved one through this difficult time.

What Happens During Detox From Phenobarbital Addiction?

Detoxing from phenobarbital addiction can be a difficult and dangerous process. Since phenobarbital can cause coma and death in large doses, people struggling with addiction must always detox under medical supervision.

The first step in detox is slowly reducing the phenobarbital dosage over days or weeks. A steady reduction in drug intake helps minimize withdrawal symptoms and seizure risk. Once the dosage has been reduced, the next step is to flush the drug from the system by taking multiple doses of detox medications. These medications help to speed up the process of excreting phenobarbital from the body.

Finally, patients will need to undergo counseling and therapy to address the underlying causes of their addiction. Detoxing from phenobarbital addiction is a complex and dangerous process, but with medical supervision and support, it is possible to achieve sobriety safely.

How To Stay Sober After Detox From Phenobarbital Addiction

Many people addicted to drugs or alcohol find it hard to stay sober after completing a detox program. However, there are several things you can do to increase your chances of staying sober after detoxing from phenobarbital addiction.

First, you must find a support group or counselor you can talk to regularly. Therapy sessions and family therapy can help you to stay accountable and motivated to stay sober.

Additionally, try to take time for lifestyle changes, such as eating healthy and exercising regularly. These changes will help to reduce the temptation to relapse into old habits.

Finally, take advantage of resources such as 12-step programs or sober living homes. These resources can provide the support and structure you need to stay sober after detoxing.

Inpatient and Outpatient Options

If you are struggling with phenobarbital addiction, you are not alone. Millions of people struggle with this problem every day. 

Inpatient Care

Inpatient options offer 24-hour care and supervision in a controlled environment. Medical professionals monitor you around the clock to help you stay safe. 

Outpatient Care

Outpatient options provide more flexible scheduling that lets you stay at home and go to a treatment center for daily or weekly addiction care. 

Phenobarbital Addiction Treatment at Zinnia Healing

Zinnia Healing is a treatment program for phenobarbital addiction that has been proven effective in helping people overcome this problem. Our rehab center and outpatienttreatment facilities offer a safe and secure environment where you can receive the help you need to overcome your addiction.

Contact us today. No matter what level of care you need, we can help you get on the road to recovery.